Sour cherry

Variety: Schattenmorelle

Species: Prunus cerasus

Origin

Breeder, Place found in the garden des Chateau du Moreille, France
Parents unknown
Type, Selection 'S2' for Rheinhessen, 'Scharö' slow growth and earlier ripening, 'Boscha' high yield and strong growing clone
Synonym Große Lange Lotkirsche, Nordkirsche, Sauerlotkirsche, Lutowka, Griotte du Nord
Property rights free variety

Blossom

Blooming date late, blossoms on one year growth, blossom sensitive to frost
Fertility self-fertile

Fruit

Ripening time 7. cherry week, slightly uneven ripening
Scale, shape 23-25 mm, obloid
Colour brownish to black red
Fruit flesh dark red, medium firm, very juicy, juice heavily stained
Taste well flavoured, high acid content
Cracking sensitivity low to medium
Stalk detachment medium to good
Storage good

Tree

Vigour weak to medium strong growth, weeping habit, highly susceptible to blind wood
Crop load high to very high and regular

Evaluation

Due to the high adaptability to different sites this variety is the most widely grown sour cherry variety in the world. Schattenmorelle is suitable for mechanical harvesting and is primarily used for juicemaking and for preserved products. The less vigorous growth requires the use of stronger growing rootstocks. Own roots Schattenmorelle produces weak growing and compact, highly productive trees, which are good for harvesting by hand. Blind wood production can be an issue. This can be prevented with consistent pruning. High susceptibility to Monilia disease makes it nearly impossible to cultivate it without fungicides in home gardens.

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